Table of Contents

Cleaning a horse's hoof shows compassionate care

Compassionate care of the horses can seamlessly be transferred to a client’s daily interactions with other people.

Harnessing the Power of Equine Assisted Counseling:
Adding Animal Assisted Therapy to Your Practice


Introduction
About the Editor
About the Contributors

SECTION ONE: Equine Assisted Interventions in Mental Health
Kay Sudekum Trotter

  • Defining Equine Assisted Interventions
  • Certification Board for Equine Interaction Professionals
  • PATH International
  • Equine Assisted Growth and Learning Association
  • Equine Assisted Interventions in Mental Health
  • Theoretical Foundations
    — Animal–Human Bond
    — Development and the Animal–Human Bond
  • Animal Assisted Therapy
  • The Delta Society
  • Equine Assisted Counseling
  • Theoretical Foundations of Equine Assisted Counseling— Brief Therapy
    — Gestalt Therapy
    — Reality Therapy
    — Adlerian Therapy
  • The Nature Connection— Implications for Conducting Counseling Outdoors
  • References

SECTION TWO: Looking at Equine Assisted Counseling from the Horses’ Perspective
Pat Parelli with Linda Parelli

  • How to Assure the Safety and Comfort of the Horse in a Counseling Session
  • How to Select Horses Appropriate for Equine Assisted Counseling
  • Potential Risks and Stresses to the Horses Used in Counseling
  • The Best Way for a Counselor Inexperienced With Horses to First Approach and Connect With the Horse
  • Parelli Natural Horsemanship Four Key Points:<— Relationship
    — Understanding
    — Communication
    — Trust
  • How to Read a Horse’s Emotional State Core Ethical Guidelines in Working With Horses
  • How to Read a Horse’s Emotional State Core Ethical Guidelines in Working With Horses
  • How Do Horses Process Information?
  • What Should Counselors Know About Natural Horsemanship?
  • How Can Understanding Horsenality Help Facilitate Positive Sessions?
  • Other Tidbits of Information and Advice

SECTION THREE: Techniques that Address Trauma

Reclaiming Boundaries Through Equine Assisted Counseling
Vallerie E. Coleman

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
  • Description— Overview
    — Boundaries and Communication
    — My Space—Individual Version (Within the Group)
    — My Space—Group Version
  • Case Example
  • Summary
  • Appendix A. Communication Styles Handout
  • Appendix B. Depiction of Three Basic Styles
  • References

Animal Assisted Group Interventions for the Treatment of Trauma
Molly DePrekel and Kay Neznik

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
  • Description— Training and Preparation
    — Group Rules
    — Body Awareness Techniques
    — Expressive Art Technique
    — Working in the Moment
    — Closure
  • Application
  • References

The Magic Room
Joy Nussen

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
  • Description
    — Meaningful Questions to Ask
  • Application
  • References

Safe Touch Using Horses to Teach Sexually Abused Clients to Value Their Bodies and Themselves
Tracie Faa-Thompson

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
  • Description
    — Materials
    — Treatment Goals
  • Case Study
  • Application
  • References

Equine Facilitated Psychotherapy for the Treatment of Trauma
Molly DePrekel

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
  • Description
  • Case Examples
  • Application
  • Summary
  • Resources
  • References

SECTION FOUR: Techniques that Explore Anxiety and Depression

Healing Through Horses: Equine Assisted Counseling — No Place to Hide
Judith S. Schneider

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
  • Description
  • Case Study
  • Application
  • References

Therapeutic Trail Riding for Children and Adults With ADHD and Anxiety Disorders
Judy Weston-Thompson

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
  • Description
    — Creating a Safe Therapeutic Environment
    — Trail Ride Components
  • Application
  • References

Exposed Anxiety With Equine Assisted Counseling
Steven B. Eller

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
  • Description
    — The Anxiety Brainstorm
    — Rating Scale
    — Safe Zones
    — Treatment Team
    — Case Study
  • Application
  • Conclusion
  • References

The Tellington Method™: A Technique for Equine Assisted Counseling
Tanya Welsch

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
  • Description
    — Touch Ground Exercises
  • Application
  • References

Conflict Resolution: The Crosswalk
Janet Nicholas

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
  • Description
    — Items Needed for This Exercise
  • Case Study
  • Application
  • References

SECTION FIVE: Techniques that Speak to Atypical Behaviors

Heart-to-Heart Rainbow: An Imagery Experience to Facilitate Relationship Development
Pamela Jeffers, Erin Lucas, and Kristina Houser

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
  • Description
  • Inner Relationship and Self-Awareness
  • Relationship With the Horse
  • Relationship With Others
  • Application
  • References

You Gotta Crack a Few Eggs
Tracie Faa-Thompson

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
  • Description
    — Processing Questions
    — Equipment Needed
  • Application
  • Reference

Treatment of Autism and Attachment With Interpersonal Equine Therapy
Sara D. Edwards

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
  • Description
    — The IPET Model
    — Therapist Observation, Analysis, and Intervention of Horse-Human Social Interaction
  • Therapeutic Intervention Using IPET for Sensory Processing
  • Treatment Paradigms for Autistic and Attachment Dysfunction
    — Therapeutic Work With the Herd
    — Therapeutic Work With Individual Horse on Ground
    — Therapeutic Work With Individual Horse Riding
  • Application
  • References

SECTION SIX: Techniques that Focus on Social Skills and Communication

Out of the Starting Gate: A Practical First Approach to Equine Assisted Activities
Beverley Kane

  • Introduction
  • The Welcome Area
  • Opening Ceremonies
  • Horse Activities Overview
  • Horse Activity Outline
    — Activity Type
    — Setup
    — Objective
    — Purpose
    — Metaphor
    — Procedure
    — Rules, Violations, and Consequence
    — Observations
    — Questions
    — Discussion
  • Sample Exercise from Medicine and Horsemanship
    — Uninformed Consent “White Coat Syndrome” – Dealing With a Patient’s Fear
  • Resources
  • References

Equine Assisted Counseling With Deaf Families
Karen A. Tinsley and Holly Jedlicka

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
  • Description
  • Application
    — Parent-Child Role Reversal
    — Empowerment Issues
    — Ineffective Communication Patterns
    — “Cultural” Differences
    — Measurement Tools
    — Interpreters
    — Service Collaboration
  • Resources
  • References

Social Skills and Communication Shaped by Equine Baseball
Steven B. Eller

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
  • Biological
  • Equine Nature
  • Human and Horse
  • Social Skills
  • Equine Activities
  • Description
  • Guidelines of How to Play Equine Baseball
  • Case Study Observations and Insights
  • Processing
  • Application
  • References

Life’s Obstacle Course
Deborah Goodwin-Bond

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
  • Description
  • Case Study
  • Application

Is Labeling People Really Harmless? Using Equines to Explore Labeling Stigma
Kay Sudekum Trotter

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
  • Description
    — Labels Used
    — Clinical Observations
    — Clinical Processing
  • Acknowledgment
  • References

The Use of Mythological Themes to Elicit Socially Appropriate Behavioral Skills
Deirdre Stanton, Blair McKissock, and Robert Dailey

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
  • Why the Horse?
  • Cognitive Functioning and EAC
  • Emotional Functioning and EAC
  • Description
    — Model Stages
    — Post-Journey
  • Sample Activities
  • Week 1: The Call
    — Background
    — The Set Up
    — Discussion
  • Week 7: The Gate of Fear— Discussion
  • Case Study
  • Case Study Note
  • Conclusion
  • Application
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Contents

SECTION SEVEN: Techniques that Improve Self-Esteem and Self-Worth

Improvement of Self-Efficacy and Social Skills Through Participation in Great and Small, a Therapeutic Horseback Riding Program
Patricia Westerman, Holly A. Hargreaves, Delores Westerman, and Melissa Verge

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
  • Description of First Case Study
  • Description of Second Case Study
  • Application
  • References

Using Equine Assisted Counseling With Psychotherapists in a Group Setting
Judy Weston-Thompson

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
  • Description
    — Overview
    — Human–Horse Relationship
    — Exercises
  • Conclusion
  • References

EASEL: Equine Assisted Social-Emotional Learning
Mari Louhi-Lehtiö

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
    — Social-Emotional Skills Cannot Be Taught but They Can Be Learned
    — Social-Emotional Skills Are Linked to Health
    — The Need for Powerful Experiences
    — Goals and the Theoretical Framework of EASEL Facilitation
    — Creating Optimal Milieu for Change and Personal Growth
    — The Chemistry of Bonding
    — EASEL Horsemanship
    — Free Play, Happiness, and Emotion Regulation
    — Equine Activities Are Short in Duration
  • Description
    — The General Process for Clients
  • Application
  • References

Grounded Strategies That Improve Self-Efficacy
Mary Looman

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
    — Self-Efficacy
  • Description
    — Treatment Outcome: Increase in Awareness
    — Treatment Outcome: Increase in Acceptance
    — Treatment Outcome: Increase in Accountability
    — Treatment Outcome: Increase in Assertiveness
    — Treatment Outcome: Increase Achievement
    — Treatment Outcome: Increase Admirability
  • Summary
  • Application
  • Author’s Note
  • References

Soft Eyes
Deborah Goodwin-Bond

  • Introduction
  • Rationale
  • Description
  • What Is Needed?
  • Application

Index

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